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Report of Inter-National Seminar
Inaugural Seminar of ERA: Punjab Chapter of AIAER
(Educational Research Association)
On Quality Concerns in Teaching Practice and Lesson Planning
 
Inaugural Seminar of ERA (Educational Research Association) on “Quality Concerns in Teaching Practice & Lesson Planning” was organized by Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial College of Education, Dhudike, Moga on 29th Jan. 2010.The seminar was inaugurated by Dr. S.B. Mohanty, General Secretary, All India Association of Educational Research (AIAER)  who was Chief Guest of the day accompanied by Dr. Ravinder Kaur, Dean, Faculty Education, P.U. Chandigarh, Dr. S.K. Bawa, Dean, Deptt. of Education, L.P.U. Phagwara, Dr. Amit Kauts, Dean, Faculty Education, G.N.D.U., Amritsar, Sh. H.L. Shrama, Managing Director, Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial College of Education, Dhudike, Moga, Dr. Swaranjit Singh Brar, President, Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial College of Education, Dhudike, Moga, Dr. Harjot Kamal, General Secretary,  Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial College of Education, Dhudike, Moga and Dr. Tripta sharma, Principal Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial College of Education, Dhudike ,Moga. Overseas expert, Dr. B.K. Passi, also served as resource person.


 

In the Inaugural Session, Dr. (Mrs.) Tripta Sharma, Principal, Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial College of Education, Dhudike ,Moga and convener of the seminar welcomed the guests and gave the introductory speech on the seminar. She discussed the objectives, need & relevance of the topic chosen. She said that the main motive behind organizing this seminar is to discover and suggest ways and means for bringing quality in teaching practice and lesson planning. She stressed upon the need to provide a new vision of education and action oriented programmes to devise innovative practices in education for producing better teachers.

Improving quality of teaching practice and lesson planning with innovative teaching programmes is needed for the diverse classrooms of today and of future.
 
Delivering the inaugural address, Dr. S.B. Mohanty, General Secretary, All India Association of Educational Research (AIAER) pointed out that there is dire need of changing the present programme of Teacher Education institutes. He said that these institutes are producing teachers of poor quality as the time prescribed for the training is not sufficient and at the same time the teacher educators are not given freedom to implement their own way of teaching. He added that we are not seeing our own needs and how they can be developed but we are depending upon others.
He compared the norms, standards and quality measures adopted in other countries with Indian institutions of Teacher Education. Giving reference of the policies in U.K. and U.S.A., he said that there is system of appointing the teacher after qualifying a Teacher Selection Test. First they appoint the teacher on regular basis without any teacher training and then they trained the teachers in their own way and after that they put the teacher selection test and on qualifying that test, the teacher is approved to be appointed on permanent basis to teach. He further added that only training is not sufficient, the main and foremost aim of training is to create healthy and effective teachers.
 
About 85 delegates including Principals of different institutes of Education, lecturers, research scholars and students attended the seminar.
 
In the virtual session the video conference was held with Dr. B.K. Passi,  initiator of Micro Teaching in India and Patron of All India Association of Educational Research (AIAER). He articulated his views and shared his experiences with all present in the seminar. He suggested the ways and means of improving Teaching Practice and making proper lesson plans. He laid stress on collective teaching and collective feedback. He said there should be one unit consisting of 50 students and further it should be sub-divided into five groups and there should be team teaching. He also highlighted to make use of “Mentoring Model” in order to make teaching learning process more effective.
 
The keynote of the seminar was presented by Dr. S.K. Bawa, Dean, Deptt. Of Education, L.P.U., Phagwara who highlighted the importance of “Mentoring Model” in practicing schools during teaching practice. She suggested that complications and obstacles arising out for organizing effective teaching practice in schools must be tackled efficiently and carefully for which identification of problems must be chalked out. She underlined some pre- conditions for organizing effective teaching practice in schools like well thought plan. Talking about the qualities of teacher, she categorized the teachers into three types viz: Eligible Teachers, Effective Teachers and Excellent Teachers.
 
She emphasized that there is dire need to have constant and regular self evaluation by teachers of their own in the light of using prescribed frame work and weightage in order to have objective assessment of their total performance and thus emerging level of quality and to see in which category they fall. She further added that there is need to adopt modern techniques of teaching and developing professional ethics and commitment in teachers for teaching.
 
Speaking on the occasion, Dr. Ravinder Kaur, Dean, Faculty Education, Panjab University, Chandigarh gave genesis of quality initiatives undertaken by the AIAER and enumerated the programmes conducted earlier by AIAER and highlighted the future plans of AIAER with regard to quality assurance, maintenance and enhancement through variety of programmes and innovative practices in colleges of Education. Moreover she also pointed out the drop outs existing in Teacher Education Institutions which need our immediate attention and correction. She suggested that such programmes should form an integral part of Teacher Education in order to ensure quality in discipline.
 
Dr. Amit Kauts, Dean, Faculty Education, G.N.D.U., Amritsar, stated in his speech that the theme is very close to teacher educators. The basic purpose of organizing teaching practice is to bring quality in school education and that can be brought upon by bringing quality in teacher education. He said that all is not well with our Teacher Education Institutions. The main stress is given on content delivery. Lesson plans are based on knowledge aspects only and other aspects are being neglected. He emphasized to follow Bloom’s Taxonomy of instructional objectives while making up lesson plans. He further added that we are producing economically productive citizens. If we want to have a society with skill of earning money then our pedagogy of teaching is different but if we want satisfied society then our pedagogy should be different. He said that bring real life to the class room situation. It is better to train teachers in natural environment rather than artificial environment. Try to make pupil teacher first helpers and then allow them to teach. Teacher’s responsibility is not to teach only rather he should be able to organize different activities in the schools.
 
Valedictory session was chaired by Dr. Harjot Kamal, General Secretary of the college & panel discussion was held. The eminent personalities who participated in the discussion included Dr. N.N. Shrivastva, Dr. Ravinder Kaur, Dr. S.K. Bawa, Dr. N.K. chaudhry, Dr. R.M. Tripathi, Dr. Sneh Gargi, Dr. Inderjit Nandra, Dr. Rajan Sethi, Dr. Darshan Singh Pannu, Dr. Sucha Singh Dhariwal, Dr. H.S. Brar, Dr. Ranjit Singh Mangat, Dr. Kamaljit Kaur, Dr. Himadri Prashad, Dr. Dharminder Prashad, Dr. Kawaljit Kaur & Dr. Tripta Sharma.
 
While delivering the presidential address, Dr. Harjot Kamal said that a nation’s progress depend upon the progress of people and its people’s  progress depends upon the quality of education and bringing quality in education is the responsibility of our nation’s  teachers. He urged the need to make the teachers aware about his identity and sense of accountability. In his address, he appreciated the efforts being made by Dr. (Mrs) Tripta Sharma in the establishment and progress of this institution.
 
Dr. R.M. Tripathi, Principal, Babe Ke College of Education, Mudki, Fzr., suggested to follow uniform pattern of Lesson Planning in all the Teacher Education Institutions. He said, we should follow Herbartian Approach. As scenario is changing so demands, requirements and technology is also changing so there should be change in Lesson Planning too. He highlighted one major problem being faced by Teacher Education Institutions that is Non- availability of practicing schools. If available then there is shortage of time. Full day should be given to the colleges for teaching practice.
 
Dr. N.K. Chaudhary, Principal, Babe Ke College of Education, Daudhar also participated in the discussion. He shared his views regarding the teaching practice programme being run in different institutes. He stressed upon the need of changing existing pattern of Lesson Planning. He said as knowledge is dynamic and nothing which exists at present is perfect, so try to change and adopt new approaches. He emphasized to include following points in Lesson Planning:-
1. Unit Planning should be done.
2. Unit achievement test must be prepared.
3. Instructional objectives should be specified properly.
4. Developing questions should be given proper place.
5. Sectional recapitulation should be done if needed.
6. Different steps for prose, poetry, drama, composition should be followed.
7. Proper evaluation items should be included like objective type questions, true-false, fill ups etc.
 
Dr. N.N. Shirivastava, Principal, S.K. College of Education, Moga, gave his observations regarding the seminar. He advocated that Teacher Education Institutes are not being successful in fulfilling its objectives because now-a-days these institutions are making those programmes which are touching the cognitive domain of the students only, they are not able to touch the effective and conative domains. The real aim of education is to develop the character of man. To solve this problem he emphasized on quality based lesson planning including proper instructional objectives with their proper behavioural outcomes.
For this purpose, teachers should be trained enough to innovation and impart quality education to the students. Since teaching is the process of effective communication, so use of specimen, chart, and model, indigenously prepared or of performing of an experiment and use of ICT should be given its due place. As Gandhi Ji said our fingers are the working brains. so free hand sketching and letter writing should be practiced. He further added, to give the holistic picture of the nature and load of work of a teacher, 7-10 days Block Practice in teaching programme should be mandatory of the teaching practice programme where pupil prepares module for each period to be engaged. Each module should be based on objectives, Teaching Points, Learning Activities and Evaluation. Apart from practice of some of the teaching skills in simulation it should be the practice as followed now. If possible 2 lessons based on any Information Processing Model either Concept Attainment Model or Inquiry Training Model should be prepared by the pupil teachers.
 
The panel discussion and seminar was concluded with the vote of thanks proposed by Dr. (Mrs.) Tripta Sharma, Convener of the Inter-National Seminar. The major recommendations emerged out of the seminar were as follows:
  1. Lesson plan should be based on precisely defined objectives in expected and desirable behavioural changes (E.B.O’s) for which the main Teaching Points of the content (Topic), its E.B.O.s should be adjudged through various objective type questions for evaluating the success or failure.
  2. Nature of the content should determine the methods to be used to achieve the objectives. So that the format of the lesson plan will be modified as per the steps of method- project, problem solving, laboratory method and programmed learning.
  3. 7-10 days Block Practice in teaching programme should be mandatory of the teaching practice programme.
  4. Developing questions should be given proper place.
  5. Different steps for prose, poetry, drama, composition should be followed.
  6. Proper evaluation items should be included like objective type questions, true-false, fill ups etc.
  7. use of specimen, chart, and model, indigenously prepared or of performing of an experiment and use of ICT given its due place
  8. Unit Planning  and Preparing unit achievement test based on a Blue Print should be a permanent feature of teacher practice programme.
  9. If possible 2 lessons based on any Information Processing Model either Concept Attainment Model or Inquiry Training Model should be prepared by the pupil teachers.
  10. It was strictly recommended to follow 7 Point Scale Lesson Planning in all the four universities and its affiliated colleges to insure uniformity.
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